Thursday, October 24, 2013
Government leadership in Korea's ICT-led development
Over the years since 1980, South Korea developed many plans, some dealing with infrastructure projects and others more broadly with informatization. Among these plans, the two highlighted in blue on the slide deserve special emphasis. The 1981 "Long Term Plan to Invigorate the Electronics Sector," comprehensively addressed what we now recognize as the ICT sector, years before that term came into common usage by international organizations. It also addressed the question of financing from both public and private sources. In 1996, the administration of President Kim Young Sam elevated informatization to the level of a top national policy priority, with the newly enlarged Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) given overall responsibility for guiding ICT sector industrial policy.
As Professor Ahn stressed in his keynote address, and as this slide illustrates for the period from 1980 to the present, every South Korean president has supported development of the ICT sector. Remarkably, this included military governments and, after democratization both ruling party and opposition presidents.